Alinda in Karia: The Fortifications

by Andreas L. Konecny and Peter Ruggendorfer

Hesperia, Volume 83, Issue 4
Page(s): 709-746
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.2972/hesperia.83.4.0709
Year: 2014


Ancient Alinda in Karia was protected by an intricate system of fortifications that enclose the town and a citadel. Surface survey has contributed significant data to its history. An analysis of the extant remains indicates that construction of this system was begun under the direction of the central satrapal authority of Karia. Before it was finished, the design of the circuit underwent a substantial change and the citadel was excluded. This change could be interpreted to indicate that, while it was still under construction, responsibility for the program shifted to the community of Alinda. Technical, stylistic, military, and historical considerations lead to the conclusion that all these activities took place during the first half of the 4th century B.C., most probably within a few years at most, during the reign of Maussollos of Halikarnassos.