We are pleased to announce the publication of Hesperia 90.4! Topics in this issue include an iconographic study of a red-figure kylix with a kalos-inscription; an editio princeps of the Law of Epikrates from Athens; a review of the evidence for infanticide and perceptions of disability in ancient Greece; and a report for the 2019 excavation season at Corinth.
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Lykos Kalos: Beyond Youthful Beauty, by Seth D. Pevnick, explores the use of the kalos-name Lykos, which appears on more than 30 Athenian red-figure vases produced in the first few decades of the 5th century B.C. Based on their relatively restricted chronology and attribution to a small number of mostly related workshops, previous scholars have suggested that many (if not all) of these kalos-inscriptions refer to a single historical figure, presumably a good-looking Athenian aristocrat. The popularity of this name on vases and elsewhere, together with its non-onomastic meaning (“wolf”), invites alternative interpretations, most notably the possibility that several instances may refer to a famous racehorse known to have prevailed at Olympia
The Law of Epikrates of 354/3 B.C., by M. B. Richardson, presents the first edition of “the law of Epikrates” (Agora I 7495), an Athenian law inscribed on a marble stele and enacted in 354/3 B.C., during the archonship of Diotimos, on the seventh day of the prytany of the Attic tribe Antiochis. This law, or nomos, was resolved by the Athenian lawgivers (the nomothetai), who are engaged here with the cult of Hephaistos and Athena Hephaistia and with the Athenian silver mint. The text provides information about matters taken up by the nomothetai and about the resources they marshaled to address them. An appendix sets this law within the context of other 4th-century Athenian nomoi on stone.
Disability and Infanticide in Ancient Greece, by Debby Sneed, confronts the widespread assumption that disability, in any broad and undefined sense, constituted valid grounds for infanticide in ancient Greece. When situated within their appropriate contexts, the oft-cited passages from Plutarch, Aristotle, and Plato contribute little to our understanding of the reality of ancient Greek practice in this regard. Other literary, material, and bioarchaeological evidence, however, demonstrates that ancient Greek parents, midwives, and physicians often took active and extraordinary measures to assist and accommodate infants born with a variety of congenital physical impairments. It was neither legally mandated nor typical in ancient Greece to kill or expose disabled infants, and uncritical (and unfounded) statements to the contrary are both dangerous and harmful.
Corinth, 2019: Northeast of the Theater, by Christopher A. Pfaff, details the 2019 excavation season at Ancient Corinth, which continued northeast of the Theater. The work revealed additional portions of an Early Roman building with black aggregate floors and the adjacent decumanus and drain that were discovered in 2018. Portions of a Late Antique building were excavated together with a well abandoned in the 7th century. The well was cut through a deposit of the late 4th century B.C., which provides valuable evidence for pre-Roman use of the site. The latest features included a Byzantine–Ottoman road and a 19th-century house, which was probably abandoned in the aftermath of the earthquake of 1858 that devastated Corinth.
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